2/02/2008

US brings trade misery to Colombia and El Salvador


Leave it up to the United States to continue relationships with other countries that don't treat their own people right.

From The Los Angeles Times

Colombia, one of our staunchest allies in South America, needs us to fulfill our commitment to the Andean region's economic development. President Bush has called on Congress to ratify the free trade agreement with Colombia negotiated by his administration, and we too want to see a pact approved. But it's not just Congress that must act with haste.

Colombia has a terrible record of labor violence and abuses. Labor organizers there don't just get fired, they get fired on; more organizers are killed in Colombia in one year than in the entire world. President Alvaro Uribe has created a special department to prosecute crimes against unionists, but the statistics are still dreadful. According to the International Trade Union Confederation, in the last 12 years, only 14 people have been sentenced in more than 1,100 cases of documented union murders.

Premature ratification of the trade agreement could eliminate the best leverage the United States has to encourage Colombia to root out the anti-labor forces linked to paramilitary groups and even to some members of the Colombian Congress. Also, labor groups say U.S. workers will not be able to compete with Colombia's terrorized and unorganized workforce, resulting in an exodus of jobs. Uribe's government, however, argues that the economic opportunities provided by the trade pact will result in greater social stability. It's a thorny issue. The human rights concerns are pressing and valid. It's also true that failing to ratify the agreement would be tantamount to abandoning a neighbor in its time of greatest need.

Colombia is beset with crises. The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, holds hundreds of people hostage, including three American military contractors and former Colombian presidential candidate Ingrid Betancourt. Uribe upped the ante last weekend, ordering troops to surround the rebels' jungle encampments. That strategy could work, and the rebels could agree to negotiate. But it's a huge risk. They also could respond as they have in the past, by executing hostages.

At the same time, Colombia's relationship with Venezuela has chilled to freezing. The Venezuelan Congress voted to recognize FARC as legitimate combatants -- not the kidnapping, drug-trafficking terrorists they are -- and President Hugo Chavez claims that Colombia and the United States are conspiring to attack his country. Coincidentally, Venezuelan troops are engaging in exercises along the 1,300-mile border between the two countries.


Meanwhile, two years after signing the Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR), El Salvador's workers have still not reaped the benefits of promised trade deals.

From IPS
Government leaders had proclaimed that from the moment of the agreement’s entry into force, the pact would boost the local economy, creating thousands of jobs, so that even street vendors would be exporting their snacks.

The Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA) with the United States was supposed to enable El Salvador to increase its exports to the U.S. market and attract foreign investment. However, economists consulted by IPS said these promises were unrealistic, and ordinary Salvadorans are still waiting for the promised benefits...

...Herminio Alas, 50, a former employee of the privatized National Telecommunications Administration, which is now in the hands of the Telecom consortium, said he is not aware of any benefits, as "the economy is not improving and there are few jobs to be had."

Alas, a telephone line technician, has been unemployed for three months and has not managed to find a stable job since he was laid off by the National Telecommunications Administration 10 years ago...

...In spite of the [Salvadoran] government’s optimism, economist Carlos Acevedo of the United Nations Development Program said there are no reliable data on how many jobs DR-CAFTA has created.

Acevedo said 80,000 new jobs a year are needed to absorb the growth of the economically active population.

"The government’s expectations were unrealistic and obviously have not been met," said the expert, who is the assistant coordinator of the El Salvador chapter of the U.N. Development Program’s Human Development Report.


Business as usual for the US, I guess.

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